Attached is the Executive Summary (150 pages!) of the Chilcot Report on the British paricipation in the war against Saddam Hussein's Iraq, launched in March 2003. In volume III - Western Cooperation - of my series Footprints of the Twentieth Century, I briefly dealt with the American incasion of Iraq under: The Bush Doctrine, p. 116. Looking back with the Chilcot Report, we must conclude that the decision to go to war was one of the worst ones in American (and British) foreign policy. It was neither right nor necessary to invade Iraq. Weapons of Mass Destruction were not found.As the real aim had been regime change, the removal of Saddam Hussein, the disastrous consequences had not been foreseen and the stated objectives were not achieved. 

Today we must conclude that the consequences are far worse than anybody at the time thought. Instead of democracy, Iraq is a country at war with itself. The country is deeply divided between Shi'ítes, Sunnis and Kurds. With the direct assistance of former Iraqi officers, the Islamic State (IS) in parts of Syria and Iraq was created and Islamic terrorism has become a world-wide threat. The Middle-East is more divided and at war than ever before. 

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Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau


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