A Common European Foreign and Security Policy?


U.S. departing Defense Secretary Robert Gates strongly challenged the European incapacity to sustain NATO operations to protect the Libyan civilia population. Text of his farewell speech is attached.

The uncomfortable fact about NATO runs much deeper than the low defense spending of the European NATO members. The Libyan crisis once more exposed the myth of a Common European Foreign and Security policy. Despite the Lisbon Treaty and the creation of EEAS (the European External Action Service), the EU was deeply divided in dealing with the crisis and now lacks the necessary means to effectively contribute to a solution.

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Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau


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Cultural Diplomacy: Waging war by other means?,

Footprints of the twentieth Century


The peaceful collapse of the Soviet totalitarian, communist system has been a watershed of historic proportions in Europe and the world.

Neither Justice nor Order


This is the fifth and last volume in the series “Footprints of the Twentieth Century”, a critical assessment of the state of the law of nations.