EUROPEAN NEWS



Kristallnacht

2018-11-09

Eighty Years ago: Kristallnacht. Commemorated in the attached article from the Atlantic. It was the night Hitler's forces launched a massive campaign of attacking Jewish shops, homes and buildings in Germany. Anti-semitism led to the Holocaust, but did not die with the massacring of 6 million Jews. Nor was Antisemitism invented by Hitler. It has a sad and very long history in "Christian"Eurpe going back to the century of Constantine the Great in the early fourth century. 


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Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau

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European Unification into the Twenty First Century

Footprints of the 20th Century - Third Edition

Description

The story of European Unification is fascinating. In 1950, two sworn enemies – France and Germany – decide to seek reconciliation and European federal unity. As a first step, they created the European Coal and Steel Community together with Italy and the Benelux countries. The fathers of this new Europe were visionary persons. Does today`s student or scholar still know who Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, Alcide de Gasperi or Willem Beyen were and what they stood for?

The Illusions of Detente

Footprints of the 20th Century - Third Edition

Description

Since 1989, we refer to the whole post-war period as the “Cold War Era”. Such was not the case in 1968. At the time, the Cold War – in our perception – was behind us. We no longer felt to be in the midst of it. Europeans on the Western side of the Iron Curtain0 felt relatively at ease with Europe’s division. The era of Détente as we called it, was0 considered to be a fairly stable and long-lasting political condition, even after Soviet tanks crushed Dubcek’s socialism with a human face in Pragu